This was a long awaited category for all the repeat visitors to TechiWarehouse.Com. Some of us here were a bit concerned because a lot of our content deals with technologies are not specifically sub-categorized in computer related fields. There are content based on Generations of Computers, Newly Invented CPU's, Machinery Inventions, Technology Events, and so on and so forth.
This is a great category for those that like to not just learn programming or networking and such, but to discover new horizons of all technologies. We at TechiWarehouse.Com hereby give you; Technology Advancements.
What is Technology?
Think for a moment what it might be like to live in the 14th century. Imagine that you could travel back in time and find yourself in a small European village in 1392.
- What do you think you would find?
- How would you cook your food?
- Would you use an oven, a fire, or a microwave?
- How would you eat your food?
- Do you think you could use a plastic cup to drink your milk?
- How would you go from one city to the next?
- Could you get on a train or would you have to walk or ride a horse?
- How would you send a message to your mom telling her you’ll be late for dinner?
- Can you email her or call her on your cell phone?
- How would you get your clothes?
- Can you shop at a 14th century mall, or on the internet?
- And what would your clothes be made of?
- Do you think you could find pink spandex shorts or would they have to be made of brown cotton?
Think for a moment how different everything would be if you were to live in the 14th century.
Many of the items you use today are a result of technology. Your cell phone, microwave oven, washing machine, and plastic cup are all the result of scientific discoveries combined with engineering that have allow people to invent products that have improved the way people live. Technological advances have improved our health, the food we eat, the clothes we wear, how we travel, and how we communicate with one another. There are a few drawbacks to some aspects of technology (such as pollution) but overall technology has greatly improved many aspects of living for most people.
The word technology comes from the Greek words techne which means “craft” and logy which means “scientific study of.” So technology means the “scientific study of craft.” Craft in this case, means any method or invention that allow humans to control or adapt to their environment.
Archimedes: The First Inventor
How did technology get started? Inventions and tool making have been around for as long as mankind have walked the earth. But modern technology began once scientific thought (philosophy), astronomy, and mathematics began to blend together sometime after the 15th century.
The first inventor who combined engineering with science was Archimedes of Syracuse (287 B.C.-212 B.C.). He is credited with inventing the Archimedian screw for raising water, which is still used in Egypt. He is also credited with inventing the cross-staff for use in astronomy, and the odometer which measures how far someone has traveled.
The most famous story about Archimedes is when he was told by the king to find out if the king’s crown was made of solid gold. He had to figure out a way to test if the king’s crown was made of gold without melting it. This was a puzzle for Archimedes. It is said that one day he noticed that his body would displace the bath water. Seeing this he realized he could use the displacement of water as a way to measure the crown’s volume (and thus its density upon weighing it). The story goes that at this point Archimedes jumped out of the tub and ran through the streets naked shouting “Eureka I have found it!”
No one is certain if the story is true, but it does give you an idea how exciting new discoveries in technology can be!
How Science Shapes Technology
Before formal scientific disciplines, such as chemistry, physics, astronomy and biology were defined, many early inventors simply experimented with items around them trying to come up with ways to improve their lives. Inventions and discoveries often happen by accident. Glass, for example, is said to have been discovered by Phoenician sailors in 4000 BC. The story goes that while cooking their pots on nitrate blocks the blocks were melted by the fire and mixed with the sand below creating a crude glass. No one could have guessed at the time, but these sailors helped pave the way for Galileo and others to use telescopes for observing the stars.
The earliest star gazers had no way to see beyond what they could observe in the sky with their own eyes. However, for these early atronomers, the technology for seeing beyond our solar system and galaxy did not yet exist. In the early 1600s Galileo Galilei observed the heavens through the first telescope. It took both the scientific idea that glass could magnify far away objects, and the craft of glass making for the first telescope to be invented. Improvements in how far a telescope could magnify were accelerated by Sir Issac Newton’s ideas for using a curved mirror rather than glass for the lens. Because Newton understood the science of light called optics, he was able to add to the technological advance of the telescope.
Science shapes technology and without understanding of basic scientific principles and the gathering of new scientific facts, technological advances in all areas would be impossible.
How Technology Shapes Science
Looking at it from the other end, how does technology shape science? Going back to Galileo and Newton, how do you think the telescope has changed our understanding of not only our own solar system, but of the whole universe?
The telescope ushered in a new and fascinating scientific discipline that we now call astronomy. Astronomy is the scientific study of the planets, stars, and other objects in the universe. Before the telescope no one had ever observed a nebula, for example, and no one knew how many planets were in our solar system. Without the technology of the telescope, much of what we have discovered about the universe would still be unknown.
The telescope also opened up many ideas and changed the way people thought about cosmology. Cosmology is the study of the universe. It would be very difficult to study the universe if we had no way to look beyond our own planet. The technology of the telescope brought modern cosmology into the arena of serious scientific study. The telescope enabled scientists to measure, predict, and quantify many features of the universe. By applying mathematics to careful observations generated by the use of telescope, scientists changed the way people thought about the universe and themselves.
Types of Technologies
There are literally hundreds of various types of technologies. And advancements are made in each of them all the time. There is no possible way that we can list them all. However, some technologies that will most obviously will be covered on this site are: Computer, Information, Networking, and Education. Other technologies will also be covered as well from time to time.